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General Surgery

Gall Bladder Surgery

The open gallbladder surgery incorporates the process of making a large surgical cut in to the belly in order to see the area. The gallbladder is then removed by separating it from organs and gently taking it out. All this surgical is done when you are under local anesthesia. The cut is approximately 5 to 7 inches long in to the upper right part of belly which is below ribs. The bile duct and the blood vessels which lead to the gallbladder are cut and then the organ is removed.

Prostatectomy

This surgery involves surgical removal of complete prostate gland or a part of it. This surgical procedure involves enlarging the prostate through benign prostatic hyperplasia. But if a person has a tumor or any other abnormality, these procedures can constraint the normal flow of urine along the urethra which can cause discomfort and excretion. Once the urinary constriction develops it can increase the risk of uropathy and can even pose serious harm to the kidney. 

Kidney Removal (Nephrectomy) Surgery

Nephro means Kidney and ectomy means removal; so Nephrectomy means surgical removal of kidney. The procedure is performed in order to treat a kidney cancer or any other kidney disease or any injury. It is also done to remove a healthy kidney from a donor for transplant. 

Nephrectomy can be of two types as far as diseased kidney is concerned namely partial and radical. Partial nephrectomy involves the removal of only injured or diseased part of the kidney, whereas the radical nephrectomy removes the complete kidney with the section of tube connecting to the bladder or ureter, adrenal gland which sits at the top of kidney and the fatty tissue around the kidney. When both the kidneys are removed simultaneously, it is known as bilateral nephrectomy. And the procedure of removing healthy kidney from a donor for the purpose of transplantation is known as donor nephrectomy.

Hysterectomy

This is surgical procedure which incorporates removal of uterus i.e. womb and this procedure is performed by a gynecologist. It can be total i.e. removing the fundus, body and cervix of the uterus or it can be partial i.e. removal of uterine body while leaving the cervix of the uterus intact also known as supracervical. In US, over 600,000 patients were performed hysterectomies in the year 2003. 

Colostomy

Colostomy is an incision procedure in to the colon or large intestine in order to create an artificial opening or a stoma to the outer abdomen. This stoma serves as substitute opening or anus with the help of which the intestines can remove the waste products. Colostomy is done to divert intestinal contents in conditions as imperforate anus, necrotizing enterocolitis and Hirschsprung’s disease.

Ileostomy

This process involves making a surgical opening which is constructed by bringing the loop or end of small intestine i.e. the ileum out to the surface of skin. The waste of the body passes out of the ileostomy and is submitted to the external pouch which is stuck to the skin.

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